The Architects Napkin Sketch

...amidst the many technical drawings and 3D models, there is one tool that stands out for its simplicity and effectiveness: the napkin sketch

Architects have a reputation for being meticulous and detail-oriented, with their design process often involving countless sketches, drafts, and revisions.

However, amidst the many technical drawings and 3D models, there is one tool that stands out for its simplicity and effectiveness: the napkin sketch.

An architects napkin sketch is a quick, freehand drawing made by an architect on whatever paper is available, often a napkin or scrap of paper.

Despite its informal nature, the napkin sketch is an important part of the design process, allowing architects to quickly explore and communicate ideas.

Here we explore the history and benefits of the napkin sketch, as well as provide tips and case studies for architects looking to incorporate this tool into their own practice.


  • Napkin sketches are quick, freehand drawings that allow architects to rapidly explore and communicate ideas during the design process.
  • This informal sketching method has historical roots dating back to the Italian Renaissance and remains a valuable tool for architects like Frank Gehry and Tadao Ando.
  • The flexibility and speed of napkin sketches make them effective for brainstorming, conveying design concepts, and fostering creativity.
  • To create effective napkin sketches, you must balance speed with sufficient detail, choose appropriate tools, and practice regularly to enhance their sketching skills.
Architects Napkin Sketch

Where have napkin sketches come from?

We as architects have been using drawings and sketches to visualize their ideas for centuries.

The first recorded use of sketches by architects can be traced back to the Italian Renaissance, where architects such as Leonardo da Vinci and Andrea Palladio used sketches as a tool to explore their ideas and communicate with clients.

Over time, sketches and drawings became an essential part of the architectural design process, with architects using various tools such as pencils, pens, and watercolors to create their designs.

However, it wasn’t until the mid-20th century that the napkin sketch emerged as a popular tool for architects.

The napkin sketch is a quick and spontaneous drawing that architects create on a napkin, a scrap of paper, or any available surface to explore their ideas and concepts.

It is often done during meetings with clients, colleagues, or contractors as a way to quickly communicate design ideas and solutions.

Famous architects who have used napkin sketches in their design process include Frank Gehry, who famously sketched the initial concept for the Walt Disney Concert Hall on a napkin during a lunch meeting, and Tadao Ando, who is known for using napkin sketches to explore his ideas and create initial designs.

Today, the napkin sketch remains a popular tool for architects and is considered an important part of the design process.

Its accessibility and flexibility allow architects to quickly explore their ideas and communicate with others, making it an invaluable tool for the design profession.

Napkin Sketch Architecture
Ven Van Berkel sketch


A napkin sketch is a powerful tool that offers several benefits in the design process. Firstly, the flexibility and speed of creating a napkin sketch allows architects to quickly capture and iterate on their ideas.

Unlike more formal and detailed drawings, the napkin sketch does not require a significant time investment, making it a practical tool for exploring different design concepts.

Additionally, they provide a means for architects to communicate their ideas to clients, colleagues, and contractors. With a quick sketch, architects can convey the essence of their vision, allowing others to better understand and engage with the design.

This can save time and prevent misunderstandings, ultimately leading to a more efficient and successful project.

Furthermore, the napkin sketch facilitates the design process by enabling architects to experiment with different ideas and concepts.

As sketches can be quickly created and modified, architects are able to test and refine different design elements in real-time, leading to more creative and innovative solutions.

Tips for creating effective napkin sketches

While napkin sketches are known for their spontaneity and speed, there are a few tips that can help architects create more effective sketches.

  1. Choosing the right tools for the job: The choice of tools can have a big impact on the clarity and effectiveness of a napkin sketch. For example, a ballpoint pen may not create as bold of a line as a marker, while a pencil may be too light and difficult to see on a napkin. Additionally, architects may want to consider using different colors or shades to differentiate between different elements of the sketch. Ultimately, the choice of tool will depend on the individual preferences of the architect and the specific design project they are working on.
  2. Practicing and refining sketching skills: Sketching is a skill that takes time and practice to master. By regularly practicing their sketching skills, architects can become more comfortable with quickly capturing ideas and concepts on paper. Some architects may find it helpful to set aside dedicated time each day or week to practice sketching, while others may prefer to sketch whenever inspiration strikes. There are also many instructional videos, books, and online resources available to help architects improve their sketching skills.
  3. Incorporating key design elements and principles into the sketch: Although napkin sketches are often quick and informal, they should still incorporate key design elements and principles. For example, architects should consider things like the scale and proportion of the elements in the sketch, as well as the overall balance and hierarchy of the design. Additionally, architects should think about the user experience and functionality of the space or building they are designing. By incorporating these elements into the sketch, architects can create more effective and impactful designs.
  4. Balancing speed and detail in the sketch: One of the biggest challenges in creating a napkin sketch is balancing speed and detail. Architects want to be able to quickly capture their ideas and concepts, but they also want the sketch to be clear and understandable to others. To achieve this balance, architects should aim to capture the key ideas and concepts of their design without getting bogged down in too much detail. However, adding just enough detail to convey the overall concept can help the sketch become more effective. Architects may also find it helpful to use annotations or labels to clarify certain elements of the sketch.


  1. Frank Gehry’s Sketch for the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao

Gehry’s famous napkin sketch for the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao captured the essence of his design concept for the iconic building.

The sketch, which showed a crumpled piece of paper that had been transformed into a building, effectively communicated Gehry’s vision for a structure that would be both innovative and integrated into its surroundings.

Napkin Sketch Architecture
  1. Santiago Calatrava’s Sketch for the Turning Torso Tower

The Turning Torso Tower in Malm√∂, Sweden, was designed by Santiago Calatrava, and its distinctive shape was inspired by a sketch he made on a napkin. Calatrava’s sketch captured the fluid, organic form of the tower, which twists as it rises to a height of 190 meters.

Napkin Sketch Architecture
  1. Renzo Piano’s Sketch for the Shard

Renzo Piano’s sketch for the Shard, which is now the tallest building in Western Europe, was created on a napkin in a restaurant. The sketch captured the building’s tapering form and distinctive shard-like shape, which gives the structure its name.

Napkin Sketch Architecture
  1. Tadao Ando’s Sketch for the Church of the Light

The Church of the Light in Osaka, Japan, is a minimalist masterpiece designed by Tadao Ando. The building’s iconic cross-shaped opening was inspired by a simple napkin sketch that Ando made in a restaurant.

The sketch captures the idea of creating a spiritual space that is simultaneously connected to and separate from the outside world.

Napkin Sketch Architecture

These examples show how napkin sketches can provide a starting point for creative inspiration and help architects distill complex design ideas into simple, powerful images.

They also highlight the importance of keeping a sketchbook or notepad handy, as even the simplest napkin sketch can spark a revolutionary idea that leads to a successful building design.

FAQ’s about napkin sketches

Do architects use sketch pads?

Yes, architects often use sketch pads as part of their design process. Sketch pads are a convenient and portable tool for architects to quickly jot down ideas, brainstorm, and experiment with different concepts.

Sketch pads come in a variety of sizes and paper types, allowing architects to choose a pad that suits their needs and preferences.

Many architects prefer to sketch on paper rather than a digital device because it allows them to easily draw and make notes, and also provides a tactile experience that is different from working with a computer.

Sketch pads are often used in conjunction with other design tools, such as drafting boards, 3D modeling software, and building materials.

What is a napkin idea?

A napkin idea is a term used to describe a simple and quick idea that can be sketched or described on a napkin or any other available surface.

It refers to an idea that is quickly captured and communicated in a rough and informal way, without worrying too much about the details or the presentation.

The term “napkin idea” is often associated with entrepreneurship and innovation, where ideas need to be developed quickly and shared with others in a clear and concise way.

It is also used in design thinking and other creative fields, where designers and innovators need to brainstorm and explore different ideas and solutions.

Napkin ideas are meant to be accessible, flexible, and easy to understand, allowing for quick iteration and refinement as the idea is developed further.

While the initial napkin idea may be rough and informal, it can provide the foundation for more detailed and refined ideas as the design process progresses.

Overall, a napkin idea is a quick and simple way to capture and communicate an idea, allowing for collaboration and innovation to take place.

It is an important tool for designers, entrepreneurs, and anyone else who needs to develop and communicate ideas quickly and effectively.

What is the napkin in design thinking?

In design thinking, the term “napkin” is often used as a metaphor for a quick and simple sketch or diagram that captures the essence of an idea or solution.

The idea is that the designer can quickly jot down their thoughts on a napkin or any other available surface, without worrying too much about the details or the presentation.

The napkin sketch is meant to be a quick, rough, and accessible way to capture and communicate ideas, rather than a polished and refined drawing.

Napkin sketches can be used throughout the design thinking process, from ideation and brainstorming to prototyping and testing.

They can help designers to visualize and explore different ideas and solutions, share and communicate their thoughts with others, and refine their ideas as they move forward in the design process.

The term “napkin” in design thinking is not limited to an actual napkin, but rather represents the idea of simplicity, accessibility, and speed in capturing and communicating design ideas.

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