A Guide To The Best (2018) Computers For Architectural Students & Architects



Like it or not, for today’s architectural student and architect one of the most important tools you require is a PC, Laptop or a Mac. It’s almost impossible to successfully study the subject or run and manage a company without one.

So whether you’re buying your first computer, or simply replacing an old one, here we will run through our pick of the best 2018 PC’s and Laptops for architectural students, architects, and architectural visualisation. 

Where to start

When considering and choosing the best option, your decision should largely be based around the system requirements of the programs you will be using.

Your college / university or workplace should be able to advise on this, however for architects and students some of the most common ones are:

  • AutoCAD, Revit, Vectorworks, and Archicad for CAD work

  • SketchUp, 3ds max, Cinema 4D and rhino for 3D modelling

  • Vray, Corona Renerder and Lumion for image rendering

  • Photoshop, Illustrator, and InDesign for graphic work and image editing

In fact it’s quite likely that at some point you will work with all of these!

It’s important to note that these system requirements are above what might be classed as normal, and therefore the hardware required is a higher specification and price than your average student computer.

Therefore these types of computers are not always available “off the shelf”, and do require a good level research to ensure that you buy the right one.

The good news is that other than for specific rendering needs (architecture visualisation), the requirements for 2D, 3D and graphic work are quite similar.

What you need to know:

If you want to get into the technical depths of comparing processor and graphics card speed’s then there is an abundance of this information all over the internet (you just need to Google it). Here however (having already done the research), we will highlight only the important aspects that need to be focused on.

For a detailed explanation on each of the key components that help to make up a computer, have a look at the below buyers guide:


However in short, the most important components are:

  • Processor (CPU) – This controls the speed that the software/programmes will run at …the more ghz the better.

  • Graphics card (GPU) – Controls how fast the screen updates and refreshes, so no screen lag.

  • Screen resolution – More pixels equal better quality

  • Memory (Ram) – Controls the computers ability to handle large tasks (such as 3D and rendering work) and enables you to do more tasks at once.

  • Storage – Controls the speed of how quickly applications open up and files are accessed.

30X40 Design Workshop provide an excellent 15 minute breakdown of these factors here:

If you know what programmes you will be primarily using, then it’s fairly simple to find the minimum specification for your needs, however we advise that you get the best your budget can stretch to.

This above anything else will help ensure your computers longevity with new and updated programs.

As laptops for example, due to their compact nature and construction, are practically hard to update with new hardware, further emphasising the need to get it right first time.

Desktops on the other hand can be very customisable.

Should I buy a Laptop or Desktop?

When deciding on which is best for an architecture student (a desktop, laptop or apple mac), you should really be focusing on a laptop or mac book and ignore the desktop options. 

The versatility that a laptop and mac book offer is far greater and more valuable than the extra power vs cost a desktop offers. As an architecture student you will be working in a variety of locations and often (particularly in a studio environment) won’t be guaranteed to always have the same work space / desk. So portability and flexibility are key.

You will want to be able to take your computer to the studio, library, tutorials, home, travelling, lectures and crits ...to name a few. A desktop just can’t offer this level of flexibility, without a whole lot of hassle.

We are not however talking about lightweight notebooks, these are (and need to be) powerful workstations which whilst being portable are not light, and so good laptop bag is crucial, or at least a well padded sleeve.

For a bag option try the Case Logic Briefcase available here on amazon and for a well padded sleeve, look at the AMNIE Splash & Shock Resistant Laptop Sleeve here.  

That said, in monetary terms a desktop will offer far greater performance when compared to a laptop at the equivalent cost, and in an ideal situation you would supplement your laptop with a desktop (but only a lucky few have this luxury!), which is more commonly suited to working architects and practices.

For some, the flexibility a laptop offers when weighed against performance and cost isn’t justifiable and / or they may just prefer desktops. So if a portable solution isn’t required then a desktop can offer better performance, power and memory, along with a much larger workspace (screen).

What are the best (2018) computers for architecture students and architects?

As mentioned, there are a lot of variables to consider when choosing a PC and/or laptop, including processor speed, graphics card, memory, storage, screen size, battery life (for laptops), and programme compatibility.

Its worth noting that when compared to Mac products, PC's and laptops offer greater versatility when it comes to running programmes and software. For example, you can only run Autodesks 3ds Max and Revit packages through "Boot Camp".

Which for those who are not aware of what this is, Boot Camp is a utility that comes with Mac products which lets its users install and use a Microsoft Windows operating systems on its Intel-based Macintosh computers. Basically temporarily turning a mac into a PC, in order to run unsupported programmes such as the above.

This works, but does not provide a platform as stable as a genuine Windows operating system.

Choosing an operating system

Second to your computers system requirements, your choice of computer will also be based around its operating system.

This is responsible for the running and managing of your computers tasks, such as your files, devices, software and hardware.

The choice of operating is largely based on personal preference and what is often the deciding factor between choosing a PC or Mac.

To break them down:


Windows operating systems are by far the most popular with the number of users being approximately 4 times more than the next rival system from Apple (macOS). This is largely due to them being cheaper, offering more options and variations, being adaptable and open to upgrades and updates being released more frequently.

…and all this had led to them being easier to repair, due to the sheer number of them.

In terms of specific requirements for architecture, there are also still a few programmes that cannot be run on a Mac operating system such as 3D Studio Max.

For these reasons, it is far more common for students and colleges / universities to have windows machines. Although a lot of practices prefer to use or are making the transition over to the more design oriented macOS operating systems.


Just like anything Apple creates, MacOS is a very well designed and thought out product, its ability to allow you to download and install apps also makes the interface very customisable. As described above however, it does have a few compatibility issues with certain programs but there is a work around for this.

MacOS comes at a premium however, with comparable PC specifications being a lot cheaper, and its parts being a lot harder to upgrade and change, with fewer options available.

They are however very well refined and beautiful objects that are both a pleasure to use and to look at, making them hard to say no to, and if they were cheaper, it would be a no brainer.

Which One?

In conclusion and in terms of design and style, macOS machines usually come out on top with their intuitive usability and seamless integration with anything else Apple, which today is a lot of devices!

That said, windows is more adaptable and works better with non-related apple products with more customisation and flexibility at an affordable price.

It is also well worth checking with your college or university to get their opinion, as quite often it is recommended that students go with Windows, simply because there are fewer restrictions and more solutions to problems.

What to consider with a desktop computer

Desktop computers or towers mostly begin without any additional components, such as a monitor or speakers, and often a mouse and keyboard are an optional extra. So don’t forget that you need a monitor, mouse and keyboard to actually use it, and this is an important factor to consider when assessing and comparing prices.

They also come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colours, that offer a level of individuality and to a certain degree the option to save on space. Although the smaller cases tend to be the less powerful specifications.

As mentioned these are a great option if you are on a budget and looking for increased power over portability, due to their capability to carry large amounts of RAM and larger/faster processors.

What to consider with an all-in-one computer

Perhaps originally and successfully created by Apple with their iMacs, an all-in-one machine combines a computer, monitor and speakers into one complete unit.

This provides a much tidier workspace with less cables and components than the above tower and monitor combination, also making them slightly more portable.

They tend to always come with a nice large screen, that makes them excellent for graphic and 3D modelling work.

And unlike a singular desktop the all-in-one desktops often come with a keyboard, mouse and obviously a monitor, so the cost is combined into one purchase. 

However highend and powerful specifications can become expensive.


What to consider with a laptop

Laptops cover a wide range of portable computers with different operating systems from Apple, Microsoft and Google.

The keyboard, mouse and screen integrate within a ‘clamshell’ design, making them extremely portable and lightweight.

Screen sizes vary, but for producing architecture and graphic work, look at a minimum 15” width.

Although a touch plate mouse is integrated into the keyboard, students and architects will require a separate standalone mouse for efficiency and increased functionality.

You will require a laptop case or bag to not only protect the laptop itself, but to also carry the power cable and any accessories.


What to consider with a tablet

Tablets are handheld portable computers that primarily use touch screen technology for navigation and use. The most popular example of this is the Apple iPad.

The keyboard is built into the touch screen interface, but this can at times be fiddly and so for productivity a detachable keyboard can be used.

With a range of Apple’s iOS, Google Android or Microsoft Windows operating systems available, these are perfect for travelling and commuting when space and portability are important.


Minimum Specifications

As already mentioned, the computers most suitable for architects and students are at the powerful end of whats available off the shelf, and in terms of minimum specifications, you should aim for:

  • Processor (CPU) - To avoid problems and to successfully run the programs required, start at Inteli5

  • Graphics card (GPU) - Architecture programs such as Rhino and 3DS Max require a heavy graphics card and so start with a 2gb option.

  • Screen resolution - 1920 x 1080 (for laptops)

  • Memory (RAM) - More often than not you will need to run several programs at once, and so will require memory to do this. Minimum 8gb, but preferably 16gb

  • Storage - The ideal scenario is to have both solid state drive (SSD) to store and run your programs and a mechanical hard-drive (HDD) to store files. If its one or the other, the more storage the better.

Our recommended (2018) computers for architectural students & architects

To conclude, we have taken the above parameters and broken them down into price categories to select what we believe are currently the best options for 2018.

With no bias towards them, you'll note that this list is slightly DELL heavy, but having owned a number of these machines (and we still do) they are in our opinion some of the best off the shelf laptops and desktops on the market right now.

...so firstly:

Computers priced below £650:

- DELL Inspiron 15 5570 15.6" Laptop


Processor (CPU) –  Intel Core i3-7130U

Processor speed  2.7 MHz

Graphics Card – IntelR HD graphics 62

Screen resolution – 1920 x 1080

Memory (Ram) – 8GB

Storage – 1TB




- HP Pavilion Desktop 570-p30


Processor (CPU) – i7-7700 Processor Quad-Core

Processor speed  2.4 MHz

Graphics Card – Integrated

Display – N/A

Memory (Ram) – 12GB

Storage – 1TB


- Apple 9.7" iPad


Processor (CPU) – AMD A9 chip

Graphics Card – Shared

Screen resolution – 2048 x 1536

Memory (Ram) – 2GB

Storage – 32BG



Computers priced between £650 and £1000:

- DELL XPS 13 9360 Laptop


Processor (CPU) – Intel Core i5-7200U

Processor speed  2.5 MHz

Graphics Card – Intel HD Graphics 620

Screen resolution – 1920 x 1080

Memory (Ram) – 8GB

Storage – 128GB SS


- DELL XPS 8930 Desktop PC


Processor (CPU) – i5-8400

Processor speed  3.2 MHz

Graphics Card – GeForce GTX 1050

Screen resolution – N/A

Memory (Ram) – 16GB

Storage – 1TB


- Apple MacBook Air 13.3


Processor (CPU) – Intel Core i5

Processor speed  1.8 GHz Intel Core i5

Graphics Card – Intel HD

Screen resolution – 1440 x 900

Memory (Ram) – 8GB

Storage – 256GB


Computers priced between £1000 and £1700: 

- DELL XPS 15 15.6" Laptop


Processor (CPU) –  i7-7700

Processor speed  3.8 MHz

Graphics Card – GeForce GTX 1050

Screen resolution – 3840 x 2160

Memory (Ram) – 16GB

Storage – 512 GB SSD


- Dell XPS 8930 Desktop PC


Processor (CPU) –  i7-8700

Processor speed  4.6 MHz

Graphics Card – GeForce GTX 1070

Screen resolution – N/A

Memory (Ram) – 16GB

Storage – 2TB


- Apple MacBook Pro


Processor (CPU) – 3.1 GHz Intel Core i5

Processor speed  2.2 MHz

Graphics Card – Intel Iris

Screen resolution – 2880 x 1800

Memory (Ram) – 8GB

Storage – 256GB


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