Careers in Architecture: What are the different types of jobs in architecture?

Architecture is more than just the art of designing buildings; it is a multifaceted profession that encompasses creativity, engineering, problem-solving, and social engagement...

Architecture is more than just the art of designing buildings; it is a multifaceted profession that encompasses creativity, engineering, problem-solving, and social engagement.

It offers a wide array of career opportunities, each with its own unique challenges and rewards.

Whether one is drawn to the creative aspects of design, the technical challenges of construction, or the strategic elements of project management, a career in architecture provides a platform to make a lasting impact on the physical world.

Here we delve into the various facets of a career in architecture, exploring the necessary educational paths, skill sets, and specializations within the field. We discuss the potential career opportunities available, the challenges and rewards that come with a profession in architecture, and provide guidance on how to prepare for a successful career in this dynamic and influential field.

By understanding the diverse nature of architectural careers and the impact they have on society and the environment, aspiring architects and those interested in the field can gain a deeper appreciation for the profession and make informed decisions about their career paths.

Careers in Architecture

Architects can work in various settings, including private firms and public agencies such as city planning departments. They may specialize in areas like interior design or land development, and some may even work as landscape architects.

With so many different career options available, architects can perform a wide range of tasks.

For instance, an urban designer is responsible for designing the growth of cities, considering factors like zoning laws and transportation systems, whereas a site architect is focused solely on the physical construction of projects and their successful procurement.

But there are many more…

Project architect

A project architect is responsible for overseeing the design and construction of a specific architectural project, from beginning to end. They work closely with the client, engineers, and other professionals to ensure that the project meets the client’s expectations and is completed within the allotted time frame and budget.

Project architects are responsible for developing the initial design concept, preparing detailed construction documents, and coordinating the work of the project team. They also monitor the construction process to ensure that it is proceeding according to plan and resolve any issues that arise.

Overall, a project architect is the point person for the project, ensuring that it is completed successfully and to the satisfaction of all stakeholders.

Technical architect

A technical architect is a professional who has expertise in the technical aspects of building construction, and their main focus is on the detailed design and mechanics of the building. This includes making sure that the building is constructed in a way that is air and water tight, energy-efficient, and structurally stable, and meets all the necessary standards and regulations for construction in the specific area.

Technical architects work closely with the project team to ensure that the design concept is properly executed and that the project is completed on time and within budget.

They are responsible for developing the technical specifications and construction details for the project, as well as coordinating with contractors and suppliers to ensure that the materials and construction methods used are of high quality and meet the required standards.

In addition, technical architects may also be responsible for managing the construction site, supervising the work of contractors and tradespeople, and ensuring that the construction process runs smoothly and efficiently. This requires a deep understanding of building technology, construction methods, and materials, as well as excellent project management skills.

Site architect

A site architect is an essential member of the construction process who is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of a building project. They manage the construction site, ensuring that everything runs smoothly and according to plan. This may involve regular site meetings or even being based on the site until the project is completed.

The site architect is responsible for ensuring that the building project is executed within the timeframe and budget set out by the project manager. They are also tasked with administering the construction contract, issuing instructions, assessing and maintaining quality, and answering queries throughout the build.

This requires excellent communication skills, as the site architect must liaise with various stakeholders, including contractors, subcontractors, engineers, and clients.

Site architects must be knowledgeable about building regulations, health and safety requirements, and construction technology, as well as possessing strong problem-solving skills to overcome any obstacles that may arise during construction. They must also be able to work well under pressure, as the construction site can be a high-stress environment.

project architect

Design architect

A design architect is responsible for creating and developing the overall design of a building or structure, from its initial conception to its final execution. They work closely with the client and other members of the design team to ensure that the project vision is maintained and executed in a way that meets the client’s requirements.

A design architect will often lead the design team, which may include other architects, engineers, and designers. They will oversee the entire design process, from initial sketches and concept development to the final material choices and finishes. They must have a deep understanding of design principles, as well as an eye for aesthetics, to ensure that the final product is visually appealing and functional.

In addition to developing the overall design, they are also responsible for ensuring that the project meets all relevant building codes and safety standards. They work closely with other members of the design team to ensure that the building’s structural integrity, accessibility, and environmental impact are all taken into account during the design process.

Design architects must also be effective communicators and collaborators, as they work with clients and other stakeholders to understand their needs and preferences. They must be able to present their ideas and designs in a clear and compelling way, as well as receive feedback and incorporate it into the final design.

Overall, the design architect plays a crucial role in the success of a building project, ensuring that the final product is not only functional but also aesthetically pleasing and meets the client’s requirements.

Planning architect

A planning architect is a professional who specializes in providing expertise and advice on planning regulations and restrictions, both at the local and national levels. They possess in-depth knowledge of local and national planning legislation, policies, and procedures, and can offer guidance to clients on how to navigate the planning process.

As the name suggests, a planning architect is involved in advising and submitting a project to the local authority, in order to ensure that the necessary planning permissions and approvals are obtained. This may be at the beginning of a project’s development to outline site and legal restrictions, or to simply ensure that the planning deliverables are met.

The role of a planning architect is critical to the success of any building project, as they help clients understand the complex planning regulations and requirements, and ensure that the project meets all necessary regulations and standards.

Planning architects must possess excellent communication and negotiation skills, as they work with local authorities, clients, and other stakeholders to ensure that all parties are on the same page and that the project is completed on time and within budget.

Planning is often taught separately from the architecture qualification, as it requires a different set of skills and knowledge of the changes in local and national planning laws and regulations, along with a deep understanding of the legal and regulatory landscape.

BIM architect

A building information modelling (BIM) architect is a professional who is responsible for the design and construction of building projects using the BIM method of production information. BIM is an increasingly popular method of construction that involves the creation and management of digital representations of a building’s physical and functional characteristics.

A BIM architect will have extensive experience in using BIM software and tools to procure design and construction packages, and will be responsible for maintaining the BIM protocols and standards throughout the project. This requires a deep understanding of the BIM process, as well as excellent project management skills to ensure that the project is completed on time and within budget.

In addition to managing this process, a BIM architect may also be responsible for training and teaching new staff members in the use of the software and tools. This requires excellent communication skills to explain complex technical concepts in a clear and understandable way.

A BIM architect must also work closely with other members of the project team, including engineers, contractors, and subcontractors, to ensure that the project meets all necessary requirements and standards. They must be able to manage multiple tasks and projects simultaneously, and be comfortable working in a fast-paced, deadline-driven environment.

Overall, the BIM architect is a critical member of the project team, ensuring that the BIM process is used effectively and efficiently to deliver high-quality building projects that meet all necessary standards and regulations.

Different types of architecture positions within a firm

Architecture is a complex and multifaceted field that encompasses many different roles and responsibilities. From designing and constructing buildings to managing projects and ensuring compliance with building codes and regulations, architects play a critical role in shaping the built environment.

Depending on the type and size of the project, different types of architectural roles may be required. In this chapter, we will explore the different types of architectural roles that exist within a firm, and discuss how these roles plays a unique and essential part in the building process.

Architectural interns & assistants

An architectural intern or assistant is a professional who is in the early stages of their career in the field of architecture. This individual is typically a recent graduate or student who is seeking practical experience in the field of architecture to enhance their knowledge and skills.

As an intern or assistant, the individual may work on a range of tasks related to the design, planning, and construction of buildings. These may include assisting with site surveys, drafting, 3D modeling, material research, or creating presentation materials for clients.

Interns and assistants typically work under the supervision of a licensed architect, who provides guidance and feedback on their work. This provides an opportunity for them to gain hands-on experience in the field of architecture, as well as an understanding of the practical aspects of building design and construction.

Many architectural internships and assistant positions are paid, and some may lead to permanent positions within the firm or industry. It is a valuable experience that helps to prepare young architects for their future careers by gaining practical experience, building professional networks, and learning from experienced architects in the field.

Newly qualified architects 

A newly qualified architect is an individual who has recently completed their education in architecture and has obtained their professional qualification or license to practice architecture. This qualification may vary depending on the country or region, but typically involves several years of study, practical experience, and passing a licensure exam.

Being a newly qualified architect is for most the end of a very long road, having completed architecture school, an internship, and then the final exams. Among the pay and increased responsibility benefits they should start to receive, they can now finally call themselves an architect, which to be honest is one of the best bits!

Newly qualified architects may have a range of responsibilities depending on their level of experience, the size of the firm, and the complexity of the project. They may work on various aspects of the design process, including creating and modifying plans, conducting research, and communicating with clients and contractors.

At this stage in their career, newly qualified architects are typically seeking to gain more experience and build their portfolio of work. They may work under the supervision of a more experienced architect, who provides guidance and feedback on their work, or they may take on smaller projects independently.

As they gain more experience and develop their skills, newly qualified architects may take on more responsibility within the firm and work on larger and more complex projects. They may also pursue further education and certification to specialize in a particular area of architecture or to advance their career.

…working towards being a project architect

different types of architects

Project architects

As the name suggests and as discussed above, a project architect is responsible for running a project or series of projects within their firm, either independently or with a team, and overseen by a senior architect and/or practice associate / director.

They may also have a small team of interns / assistants and/or a newly qualified architect working with them to help with the day to day running of the projects and their outputs.

Depending on the size of the practice, a project architect may also be responsible for practice admin elements such as resourcing and invoicing for their particular projects, alongside their day to day project duties.

Senior architects 

A senior architect is the next step above a project architect, and is predominantly a reflection on experience rather than age, however within the architecture profession; experience often does tend to come with time. 

Senior architects tend to have more of a quality control and overseeing role when compared to a project architect, and as a result can be responsible for a number of different projects at various work stages.

Although their knowledge in the later stages of a projects development is often crucial, they can be found overseeing a projects inception through to its construction.  

Associate architects

An associate position unless agreed prior to starting a new employment position, is usually gained via experience and time working within a firm. There isn’t a set time scale that can be followed however, as it varies greatly from firm to firm and experience level.

Although the type of work you specialize in can contribute and accelerate the process.

For example; a residential firm that has a growing housing portfolio, will need good housing architects and an associate to manage them. So if an architect is already establishing themselves in this area within their firm, then this puts them in a good position.

Once reached, an associate is expected to represent the company on all levels and perform client and staff management duties, often in return for a share of the company profits (firm size dependent). It also often symbolizes the first step onto the firm’s management structure.

Associate directors

Next are associate directors, who whilst still take an active role in the firms outputs and quite often oversee a number of live projects, they also play a large part in the management and administration of the company. With frequent managerial meetings, they are responsible for ensuring that what is discussed will be actioned, and passed down to the other members of the team.

A common and key role they take on is the resourcing of the firm, to make sure that there is not too much or too little work for its employees.

This is important, as it ensures that the firms current work load will be completed on time to meet deadlines, and most importantly that it can be invoiced to maintain cash flow.

Associate directors are also more involved with staff management and welfare, and will often be the buffer between the director/s and employees.


Partners are shareholders of a firm and depending on its size, will oversee a large percentage of its employees and projects. They can often be associated as being one of the public faces of the company and be responsible for managing its high end clients and commissions.

On the other hand however, and when associated to large and long standing firms, some partners may not be direct employees and therefore can be retired and/or investors that provide an advisory role.


The director or directors in a lot cases are the founders and owners of the firm, and where all responsibility and liability stops.

If a firm is relatively young and/or growing then long standing and worthy employees may be asked to join the board of directors. This often happens by way of a buy in into the firm’s shares, and therefore adopting the same risk and reward associated to profits and losses that the existing directors will have.

As it is often the director/s name/s that are associated to the firm, this is also who new and potential clients will want to meet, and so one of their key duties is ensure that the firm wins new and continual work. As without this, it will not survive. 

different types of architects

FAQs about Careers in Architecture

What type of person would like an architecture and construction career?

A career in architecture and construction can be highly rewarding, and it tends to attract individuals who possess a unique blend of skills, interests, and personality traits. Here is a list of characteristics and interests that might indicate a good fit for a career in architecture and construction:

Creativity and Imagination

  • Enjoyment in creating and designing
  • Ability to visualize concepts and ideas
  • Interest in art, design, and aesthetics

Problem-Solving Skills

  • Ability to think critically and analytically
  • Enjoyment in finding solutions to complex problems
  • Aptitude for addressing challenges in innovative ways

Technical Skills

  • Proficiency or interest in learning computer-aided design (CAD) software
  • Understanding or willingness to learn about construction materials and methods
  • Aptitude for mathematics and physics

Attention to Detail

  • Strong focus on precision and accuracy
  • Ability to notice and address small details that can impact the overall design

Communication Skills

  • Ability to clearly communicate ideas and designs to clients, contractors, and team members
  • Strong written and verbal communication skills

Collaboration and Teamwork

  • Enjoyment in working as part of a team
  • Ability to collaborate and coordinate with other professionals, including engineers, contractors, and clients

Leadership and Management Skills

  • Interest in leading projects and managing teams
  • Ability to take charge and make decisions when necessary

Time Management and Organization

  • Ability to juggle multiple projects and deadlines
  • Strong organizational skills

Passion for Building and Construction

  • Interest in the construction process and how buildings are put together
  • Enjoyment in seeing a project through from concept to completion

Adaptability and Resilience

  • Ability to adapt to changes and challenges that arise during the design and construction process
  • Resilience in facing the demands and pressures of the profession

Environmental and Social Awareness

Individuals who find fulfillment in a combination of creative expression, technical problem-solving, and project management may find a career in architecture and construction to be a good fit. Additionally, those who have a strong interest in the built environment and a desire to contribute to the shaping of spaces and communities may also be drawn to this field.

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